(MENAFN – Somali Land Sun) Somalilandsun – Somaliland agriculture in sector is ranked in importance among the productive sectors after the livestock sector with 20 to 25 % of the population depending directly on the sector for their livelihood. Despite many constraints such as unfavorable climatic conditions, inadequate investment capital, inadequate technical capacity, lack of post-harvest technology, inadequate institutional capacity, inadequate agriculture Research and extension, and poor rural infrastructure, the sector has substantial untapped potential that needs to be harnessed.
Somaliland consists of 10 agro-ecological zones of which eight are arid or desert with significant limitation to agricultural production. The total arable land of the country is estimated to be around 350,000 hectares and is concentrated largely on the North-western plateau – Southern Awadal, Gabiley and Maaroodijeex.
Crop production in Somaliland is constrained by a multitude of interacting socioeconomic, biophysical, and technical factors, of which water scarcity is the most important biophysical factor.
Climate related stresses, particularly amount of rainfall precipitations and distribution impact on crop production and productivity. Figures on food imports suggest that crop production and food aid assistance provided by the international community are not keeping up with the domestic demand for food items.
Droughts are the main obstacle for…